The first information report means an information recorded by a police officer on duty given either by the aggrieved person or any other individual to the commission of an alleged offense.
The existence of an ideal society with no crimes and offenses is a mere distant dream. All society in this world has to deal with offenses, crimes, and misunderstandings among the citizens. At times, the issue can also involve the government agencies as well. The rate of crime does differ from one country to the other, but the absolute eradication of crime is almost impossible.
Hence, every society in this world has a powerful mechanism to deal with such crimes and handle situations in a justified way. Every society is administered by a set of rule and legal code of conduct. In order to implement such legal code of conduct, nearly every society has a police force working day and night to safeguard and protect the interests of the society.
Moreover, Police forces of each society have their system of functioning, and any citizen or even a visitor to the nation can easily approach the police force for any problem at any point in time. They are in fact the citizen’s friends in need. Although the people should be aware of the functioning of the police forces and the basic requirements they need to follow.
Whenever a violation takes place, it is the fundamental responsibility of the citizens, whether victims of the crime or a neutral observer or any socially responsible man, to inform the required authority, in this situation, the police, about the crime.
How should one be informed the police? What is the procedure?
The initial step would be to file a First Information Report.
What is FIR?
FIR is the first recorded information in the form of a report prepared by the police against a cognizable offense. The first recorded report which officially provides information to the police regarding an offense. This report legally compels the police to investigate the offense and bring justice to the aggrieved party. This report primarily sets the police into action and the process of investigation begins.
This is the initial report reported by a police officer on duty only. Such a report is either filed by the aggrieved person which may or may not include the victim or any other individual who is aware of the commission of an alleged offense under the Indian Penal Code. The police unit can commence their course of an investigation and follow-ups based on this First Information Report (FIR). An FIR related to a cognizable offense can be filed by any individual, even if the person is not
- A victim or even distantly linked to the victim
- Injured by such act
- An eye-witness to the commission of such an offense
FIR can also be filed by a person who might not have the first-hand knowledge of the facts. First Information Report can be filed at the nearest police station in the area of offence. The police station should preferably be located at the concerned area of jurisdiction of the offence. An early First Information Report ensures fast-tracking the pace of investigation and punishing the guilty efficiently and effectively. A delayed FIR can demean the importance of the offence apart from tampering with the evidence of such offence.
The investigation plan followed by the concerned police authority after receiving a FIR concerning an offence would include collecting evidences associated to the offence, inspecting the crime scene, conducting forensic tests wherever and whenever necessary, recording statements of all the people involved even distantly, questioning the witnesses, examining the facts and reach at a conclusive decision after which required arrests are made.
Online FIR Registration facility i.e e-FIR
Usually, an FIR filed under section 154 of the Criminal Procedure Code requires being filed at the near around police station. The person who is filing the FIR must visit the police station individually. With the technological invasion of the society, people desire to have all the power at their fingertips. Understanding this condition, e filing of FIR has been permitted in certain states of India such as Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, among others.
Mostly, the states allow filing an e-FIR is cognizable offences which include rape, murder, kidnapping, death related to dowry among others. In such cases, the policemen can make necessary arrests and detainment are even without the order of the court. In cases of non-cognizable offences such as cheating, stalking, and assault, a minor complaint can be filed online instead of an FIR. Such a complaint can be later intensified into a First Information Report by the police after seeking necessary permissions from the local magistrate.